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Mammal Research Institute PAS
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PhD Begona Martinez-Cruz

My research interests cover a wide range of topics from conservation genetics to the study of the demographic history of human populations, using genetic tools. During my PhD at the Doñana Biological Station (Spain) I worked with the highly endangered Spanish imperial Eagle with the aim of resolving processes at ecological and evolutionary scales that may explain the present and historical distribution of genetic diversity in this population. We showed that the present genetic structure differentiating the population in Doñana from the rest was due to the processes of demographic decline and habitat fragmentation suffered during the XXth century. At present, a reintroduction program is on the way that tries to establish a stepping-stone population between Doñana and the rest of the population. After my PhD I joined the Human population genetics team at the Mankind Museum in Paris to study how the complex demographic processes of migrations and conquests, and the differential social structures between patrilineal herders and bilineal agriculturalist populations, have shaped the intricate patterns of genetic diversity in Central Asian human populations. I then joined the Western and Central Europe team within Genographic, a project comprising twelve research teams all over the world in an ambitious attempt to answer fundamental questions about our origin as species and our movements to populate the Earth. Since May 2012 I have been carrying out my research at the MRI PAS in Bialowieza as a BIOCONSUS fellow. Now back to wildlife, my current project here deals with how the arrival of the American mink has affected the genetic diversity of the European polecat population in Bialowieza Primeval Forest.

1- B. Martínez-Cruz, M. Ioanina, L. R. Arauna, F. Calafell, R. Ionescu, S. Boengiu, T. Plantinga, J. W.M. van der Meer, D. Comas, M. G. Netea and the Genographic Consortium (2012) Y-chromosome analysis in individuals bearing the Basarab name of the first dynasty of Wallachian kings. Plos One 7(7): e41803.

2- K. Rębała, B. Martínez-Cruz, P. Kovacs, A. Tönjes, M. Stumvoll, D. Siváková, I. Lindner, A. Büttner, M. Soták, Z. Szczerkowska, D. Comas and The Genographic Consortium. (2012) Contemporary paternal genetic landscape of Polish and German populations: from early medieval Slavic expansion to post-World War II resettlements. European Journal of Human Genetics. doi:10.1038/ejhg.2012.190.

3- B. Martínez-Cruz, C. Harmant, D. E. Platt, J. Manry, E. Ramos-Luis, D. F. Soria-Hernanz, F. Bauduer, J. Salaberria, B. Oyharçabal, L. Quintana-Murci, D. Comas and the Genographic Consortium (2012) Evidence of pre-Roman tribal genetic structure in Basques from uniparental genomes. Molecular Biology and Evolution 29(9): 2211-2222.

4- D. M. Behar, C. Harmant, J. Manry, M. van Oven, W. Haak, B. Martinez-Cruz, J. Salaberria, B. Oyharçabal, F. Bauduer, D. Comas, L. Quintana-Murci and the Genographic Consortium. (2012) The Basque paradigm: genetic evidence of a maternal continuity in the Franco-Cantabrian Region since the Late Paleolithic. American Journal of Human Genetics, 90: 1-8.

5- M. Haber, D. E. Platt, M. Ashrafian Bonab, S. C. Youhanna, D. F. Soria-Hernanz, B. Martínez-Cruz, B. Douayhi, M. Ghassibe-Sabbagh, Maziar’s friend, Oleg Balanovsky, R Spencer Wells, David Comas, Chris Tyler-Smith, Pierre A Zalloua and The Genographic Consortium. (2012) Afghanistan's Ethnic Groups Share a Y-Chromosomal Heritage Structured by Historical Events. Plos One, 7(3): e34288.

6- M. Haber, S. Youhanna, O. Balanovsky, S. Saade, B. Martínez-Cruz, M. Ghassibe, N. Shasha, R. Osman, H. el Bayeh, S. Koshel, V. Zaporozhchenko, E. Balanovska, D. Soria-Hernanz, D. Platt, P. Zalloua. (2012) mtDNA lineages reveal coronary artery disease associated structures in the Lebanese population. Annals of Human Genetics, 76(1):1-8.

7- B. Martínez-Cruz (2011) Conservation Genetics of Iberian raptors. Animal Biodiversity and Conservation, 34.2.

8- B. Martínez-Cruz, P. Sanz, R. Anglada, S. Plaza, D. Comas and the Genographic Consortium (2011) Multiplex open array screening of the human Y chromosome using TaqMan probes. Investigative Genetics, 2:13.

9- K. Fadhlaoui-Zid, B. Martinez-Cruz, H. Khodjet-el-khil, I. Mendizabal, A. Benammar-Elgaaied, D. Comas (2011) Genetic structure of Tunisian ethnic groups revealed by paternal lineages. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 146, 271-280.

10- B. Martínez-Cruz, R. Vitalis, L. Ségurel, F. Austerlitz, M. Georges, S. Théry, L. Quintana-Murci, T. Hegay, A. Aldashev, F. Nasyrova, E. Heyer (2011) In the heartland of Eurasia: the multilocus genetic landscape of Central Asian populations. European Journal of Human Genetics, 19, 216–223.

11- L. Ségurel, B. Martínez Cruz, L. Quintana-Murci, P. Balaresque, M. Georges, T. Hegay, A. Aldashev, F. Nasyrova, M. A. Jobling, E. Heyer, R. Vitalis (2008) Sex-specific genetic structure and social organization in Central Asia: insights from a multi-locus study. Plos Genetics, 4 (9).

12- B. Martínez-Cruz, J.A. Godoy (2007) Genetic evidence for a recent divergence and subsequent gene flow between Spanish and Eastern imperial eagles. BMC Evolutionary Biology, 7:170.

13- B. Martínez-Cruz, J.A. Godoy, J.J. Negro (2007) Population fragmentation leads to spatial and temporal genetic structure in the endangered Spanish imperial eagle. Molecular Ecology, 16: 477-486.

14- M. Horváth*, B. Martínez-Cruz*, L. Kamar, J.J. Negro, J.A. Godoy (2005) An overlooked DNA source for non-invasive analysis in birds. Journal of Avian Biology, 36, 84-88. *First authorship shared.

15- C. Rodríguez, J. Bustamante, B. Martínez-Cruz and J.J. Negro (2005) Evaluation of methods for gender determination of lesser kestrel nestlings. Journal of Raptor Research, 39 (2), 127-133.

16- C. Blois-Heulin, B. Martínez-Cruz (2005) Influence of food dispersion on feeding activity and social interactions in captive Lophocebus albigena and Cercocebus torquatus torquatus. Primates, 46(2), 77-90.

17- B. Martínez-Cruz, J.A. Godoy, J.J. Negro (2004) Population genetics after fragmentation: the case of the endangered Spanish imperial eagle (Aquila adalberti). Molecular Ecology 13, 2243-2255.

18- B. Martínez-Cruz, V.A. David, J.A. Godoy, J.J. Negro, S.J. O’Brien and W.E. Johnson (2002) Eighteen microsatellite markers for the highly endangered Spanish imperial eagle (Aquila adalberti) and related species. Molecular Ecology Notes, 2, 323-326.

In preparation
19- B. Martínez-Cruz, I. Mendizabal, et al. The origin and demographic history of the European gypsies through mtDNA and Y chromosome markers. To be submitted to MBE.

20- S. Sarno*, B. Martínez-Cruz*, et al. Uniparental markers in Italy reveal a sex-biased genetic structure and different historical strata. To be submitted to MBE. *First authorship shared.

21- A. Uselli*, B. Martínez-Cruz*, et al. The peopling of Sardinia: differential contributions from the Mediterranean region. *First authorship shared.

22- B. Martínez-Cruz, J.A. Godoy (2005) Un modelo coalescente suxire unha recente diverxencia das duas especies de aguia imperial. Dixitos, November, pp. 6-7.

J.A. Godoy and B. Martínez-Cruz. Aplicaciones de la genética al estudio y la conservación de la Biodiversidad. Consejería de Medio Ambiente, Junta de Andalucía Ed. Sevilla, Spain. 186 pp. In press.

Copyright © 2010 Bioconsus, This project has received funding from the European Union’s
Seventh Framework Programme for research, technological development and
demonstration under grant agreement No 245737.
Copyright 2010 Neone
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